When is a good time to start teaching children to read?
A child begins learning at birth. Early experiences with spoken and written language set the stage for a child to become a successful reader. The more you talk, read and interact with your child, the better chance he has to become a good reader. A good time to start teaching your child about letters and sounds is when he begins to talk.
What is print awareness?
When a child learns about print and books and how they are used, this is called print awareness. He becomes familiar with the idea that the words he sees in print are related to the words he speaks. For example, words can be seen in books or on billboards.
What is alphabetic knowledge?
When a child begins knowing the names and shapes of letters this is called alphabetic knowledge.
What is phonological awareness?
When a child begins to understand that sentences are made up of words, and words have parts called syllables, he is beginning to develop phonological awareness which is the ability to learn about sounds of spoken language.
What is phonemic awareness?
When a child also understands that spoken words are made up of separate small sounds, he is developing phonemic awareness. These individual sounds in spoken language are called phonemes. For example, there are three phonemes (or sounds) in the word big, /b/, /i/, and /g/. (A letter between slash marks shows the sound that the letter represents, not the name of the letter).
What is phonics?
Phonics is when a reader learns to use letter/sound relationships to form words and is able to recognize words when he sees them.
What is blending?
Blending is when the reader puts together sounds to make words.
What is Segmentation?
When the child takes spoken words apart sound by sound.
What is phonics instruction?
Phonics instruction is when the instructor helps the beginning reader see the relationship between sounds of spoken language and letters of written language. Understanding these relationships gives the child a tool that he can use to recognize familiar words and figure out words he hasn't seen before.